A Dental implant is an artificial tooth that is implanted into the jawbone. It is used when adults lose one or some of their teeth and need a method to replace them.Jawbones must be pressed as a result of chewing unless it gradually decays and degenerates. Teeth on the jawbone stimulate and regeneratethe bone tissue and prevent decay. Most people think that bones are dense and strong and never change by time passing, but the bones are flexible and continually change. Sometimes a person loses his teeth and needs to have dental implants to improve the health and beauty of his mouth. In the case of jawbone degeneration, the dentist should undergo bone grafting surgery for dental implant treatment.
Replacing a lost tooth using dental implants requires bone grafting in people with the decayed jawbone. In this method, a dentist fills the bone defects, and bone height and width are increased. In this surgery, bone-like materials are used to regenerate and replace part of the bone that has been degenerated.
People who have lost their teeth and intend to have dental implants may have a decayed jawbone because they have been without teeth for a while, in which case the decayed bone will not support the implanted tooth.
For dental implant placement, a certain amount of bone tissue is needed to hold the implanted tooth. Implanted tooth fusion with bone tissue is one of the essential steps in dental implantation because the implanted tooth can withstand the pressure when it is well welded to the jawbone.
In fact, after dental implantation, the implant also supports and regenerates bone tissue because the pressure on the new tooth stimulates the bone tissue, regenerates it, and prevents jawbone decay.
But before the surgery, we need to check the amount of bone tissue required for the dental implant. People who are going to get a dental implant can have a jaw bone transplant or bone grafting in two ways:
Simultaneously with implant placement
We need enough bone in the jaw to implant the artificial tooth and weld it to the jawbone. In the case of bone resorption, a bone graft is performed.
Jaw bone grafting can be done at the same session with dental implantation. In this method, the bone deficiency is not completely healed, it only provides the conditions appropriate for dental implantation, and this deficiency becomes milder.
Before dental implant placement
To achieve a sufficient amount of bone, the dentist performs bone grafting before the dental implant surgery. This surgery is done two months before the treatment to achieve the desired amount of bone. In this surgery, the person’s bone or external sources can be used. However, external bone sources cost more.
A dentist considers bone grafting only when necessary. After examining the jaw and gum condition, the dentist determines if bone grafting is needed, and then the operation is performed according to the dentist’s decision.
Bone grafting advantages
Jaw bone grafting stabilizes, strengthens, and regenerates the jawbone and also protects it from decay. Bone grafting prevents the breakdown and destruction of the bone that occurs after tooth extraction. Here are some complications that you may experience after bone grafting:
_Postoperative pain and bleeding
_Swelling of the surgical site
_Dental implant infection
_Damage to nerves, blood vessels, and regular teeth
_Tooth sensitivity to cold and heat